The San are the aboriginal people of South Africa. Their distinct hunter-gatherer culture stretches back over 20 000 years, and their genetic origins reach back over one million years. Recent research indicates that the San are the oldest genetic stock of contemporary humanity.
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Text Appearing Before Image: de and bartered for grain, knives, ironarrow-heads, etc., by the Bushmen of the Central Kalahari.• The shell, which is naturally very hard, had first to beboilid and softened in cold water, then cut into smallpieces through which a hole was pierced with a littleflint or agate drill, then rubbed into small rings likebeads, and polished (Dr. Stow). The same authoritysays, No other race e.Ncept that of the Bushmen hadeither the skill or the patience to manufacture thesebeads, but it would seem that the Herero women havelearned the art. The task of stringing them together tomake the omutombe is also a very long and tedious one. 300 WOMEN OF ALL NATIONS (either single rings or coils of iron wire),the former sometimes reaching to the elbowand the latter nearly to the knee, it will beseen that a well-to-do Herero woman carriesa considerable weight of iron about with her.In sewing skins the women use a needle,or rather awl, made of a sharp thorn ; theirthread is made from sinews of animals.
Text Appearing After Image: 5 PLAN OF A HERERO KRAAL.The sile of the sacred fire (okuruo) is marked d. Theare arranged in a circle round the cattle-kraal [b). huts Many points in the customs of thesepeople are exceedingly interesting, but wecannot here do more than in-The Sacred dicate a few of the most re-Herero. markable. The women milk the cows, which, so far as Iknow, is the case with no other Bantu tribe.It is also a woman—the chiefs eldest un-married daughter—who is the guardian of thesacred fire. This she always keeps burningin the great wifes hut, and from it everymorning she kindles the fire on the okuruo,or altar, the position of which in the kraalis shown by the accompanying diagram.The cattle kraal (b) is in the middle, all thehuts being ranged round it in a circle withtheir doors facing inward. The whole issurrounded by a thorn fence, with its gate-way (a) facing north. The great wifes hut (e) is on the east of the cattle kraal, andbetween them is the altar (d). A littleto the north of the latte
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