Image by Dietmar Temps
The ‘Bushmen’ or ‘San’ are the oldest inhabitants of southern Africa. They are hunter-gatherers and their home is the Kalahari desert. The Bushmen speak a variety of languages with a unique ‘click’ sound. They hunt, mainly various kinds of antelope, but their daily diet is also based on fruits, nuts and roots which they seek out in the desert.
Starting in the 1950s the Bushmen switched to farming as a result of government-mandated modernization programs as well as the increased risks of a hunting and gathering lifestyle in the face of technological development. Many Bushmen who have been forced off their lands now live in settlements in areas that are unsuitable for hunting and gathering.